With over 545 million speakers, Hindi is one of India’s official languages. The Devanagari script is used to write this Indo-Aryan language.  The Devanagari alphabet is written in horizontal lines from left to right and top to bottom. Consonants and vowels are both represented in the alphabet. There are over a thousand conjunct letters in the language, which are used to express consonant clusters.
Forming Individual Letters is the first step.
Download a Devanagari alphabet chart.
To write in Hindi, you must know all of the alphabet’s letters. You can find charts online to help you practice the various letters on your own. Learn the basic letters first, and then you’ll have a better understanding of how they’re combined to form words.
- At https://taj.oasis.unc.edu/Hindi.Less.25/wrtingsys.htm, the University of North Carolina maintains a complete chart of all Devanagari letters. https://www.omniglot.com/writing/devanagari.htm has another chart with the letters separated into pronunciation groups.
- Every day, spend a few minutes practicing a small group of 5 or 6 letters. Move on to the following group of letters once you’ve mastered writing those letters automatically. Remember to study the letters on a regular basis so that you don’t forget what you’ve learned.
2. Begin by using short vowels.
In Hindi, there are five short vowels. These letters are exclusively used at the beginning of words in the Devanagari script. These letters serve as a foundation for the fundamental ideas you’ll need when you learn to create other Devanagari letters.
- It’s crucial to pay attention to the strokes you make. When you start connecting letters to form words, it will be easier if you do them correctly and in order. Your letter chart may show you how to make the strokes, or you can look online for additional resources that show you how to make the strokes in the correct order for each letter.
- The last stroke to end a letter is always the horizontal line at the top of the letter. When practicing, try to keep the letters as close to the same size as possible so that this line is always the same height.
3. Make long vowels by extending short vowel letters.
A long vowel is nothing more than a longer version of a short vowel. You’ll add one more stroke to the short vowel shape to make the long vowel shape for most of the long vowels.
- For example, अ is a short a that sounds similar to the an in the word “about” in English. To construct a long a, add another vertical line after the first. This vowel sounds like the आ in the word “father” in English.
4. Practice vowel forms that are dependent and independent.
Each vowel in Devanagari has two alternative forms. When the vowel appears alone, adjacent to another vowel, or at the start of a word, use the independent form. When a vowel is linked to a consonant, use the dependent form (or matra).
- Unless otherwise noted, all consonants are preceded by a short a. As a result, the short a, or, अ lacks a matra or dependent form.
- The matra of each vowel is 1 or 2 strokes added to the consonant to which it is linked. The matra for a long a, for example, is (with the circle showing where the consonant should go). The following is an example of a long a linked to the letter सा:
5. After you’ve mastered vowels, focus on consonants.
Devanagari letters are classified according to where and how the sound is produced in the mouth. Begin with a few letters and practice them until you can write them without thinking.
- You can also practice writing these syllables by combining the consonant with the various vowel matras. Because Hindi is a phonetic language, this will aid you in learning to read and write words.
6. Improve your writing skills by using a scripted teacher.
Many Devanagari websites and apps are available for free online, and you can use them to practice writing and refine your form.
- Many university language departments recommend the script tutor provided at https://www.hindibhasha.com/ for studying the Devanagari script.