As you may be aware, universities publish their students’ grades using either the SGPA (Sessional Grade Point Average) or the CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) grading system. Some students have difficulty estimating the percentage of marks due to this grading system.
You’ll need to know the Grade Codes and their Values before you can calculate the grades. The following is the answer:
GRADE: F VALUE: 02
GRADE: D VALUE: 05
GRADE: C VALUE: 06
GRADE: B VALUE: 07
GRADE: A VALUE: 08
GRADE: E VALUE: 09
GRADE: O VALUE: 10
Now your grades will be D, C, E, and each topic will have a credit, such as 02, 03, 04, and so on. You must now multiply the following: Grade Value* Credit. Cumulative Value will be the name given to the results. Similarly, you must apply the same principles to other subjects.
Finally, add up all of the subject’s cumulative values and divide by the total credits. Your SGPA will be the outcome.
Consider the following example from the Biju Patnaik University of Technology in Rourkela.
In the aforementioned example, the first subject has 03 credits and the candidate’s grade is D, therefore the cumulative value is 03*05=15, and the second subject has 03 credits and the candidate’s grade is D. Similarly, 02*08=16 for the seventh subject.
The overall Cumulative value would be 150 if you calculated from the first to the ninth.
The subjects from 1 to 9 have a total credit of 25.
SGPA: 150/25= 6.00
To calculate the CGPA, sum the SGPA of two consecutive semesters (per year’s results) and divide by 02.
For example, if you received a 6.00 SGPA in the first semester and a 7.00 SGPA in the second semester (resulting in a complete one-year result because a semester is equal to six months), divide by 02.
CGPA: (6.00+7.00)/02= 6.5
For the percentage marks, sum all of the CGPAs from the results ( CGPA is equivalent to 1 Year so the Four Years Programme would have 04 Nos of CGPA).