Finishing your HSC is an achievement that deserves appreciation. However, that’s just the beginning of a long road. Up until 12th grade, you are only preparing yourself for the world that lies ahead. It’s after HSC, that you have to make the choice that will decide your future. Completing your 12th in Science stream is a great decision considering the possibilities that are awaiting you. Unlike the popular notion, science students actually have many options other than engineering. Although engineering is one of the highest in demand, there are many possibilities you can explore.
Most sought after career by PCM Science students, engineering is for those who are inclined to it. But engineering does not only mean making or fixing machines. Bachelor in mechanical, electrical, computer science, civil engineering, aerospace, petroleum, environmental, Nano technology, genetic, textile and many more options are there to select your area of specialization from. Take time to consider your options, engineering is one field laden with hard work. If you do not have passion for what you are doing, then it’s best to find other interests that will fulfill your need for learning.
Investment: Based on the course and institution, the average fees of engineering may fall somewhere between Rs. 20,000-1,500,000.
Job Prospects: Based on the specialization, engineering graduates can find employment as manufacturing engineers, broadcast engineers, aerospace engineers, civil engineers, chemical engineers, electrical engineers and so on.
Pay Scale: The average salary of a typical engineer is around Rs. 1,000,000-1,200,000 per year. However, there are rare instances where engineers earn as much as Rs. 5,000,000 yearly.
The current scenario of urban construction is growing bigger and better every day. The merit of this goes completely to the architects of today’s world who are giving the modern world a new face with unbelievable technology and ideas. If you have an interest in learning the art of creating aesthetic and artistic designs then architecture is a great option for you. With a good percentile in 12th PCM, you can opt for diplomas and graduate courses in architecture engineering and technology. What you need is a creative vision and observation skills, rest can be covered while studying the courses.
Investment: The typical course fees for a degree in architecture can be approximately Rs. 150,000 to Rs. 300,000.
Job Prospects: The scope for architects has increased overtime. Architectural managers, construction & building inspectors, drafters, industrial designers, interior designers, landscape architects, surveyors, urban and regional planners.
Pay Scale: The average salary of a Master of Architecture falls between Rs. 500,000-1,700,000.
Industrial design sounds like a boring job but actually it is one full of excitement and mental stimulation. Product and industrial design experts are high in demand currently due to the rising economy. It is one important field that needs both technical knowledge and a creative mind. The success of any product depends on the efficiency of a design, how practically it has been conceived and how attractive it is in visual appeal. Sounds interesting right? If you think if you have the right skills for this, then you can simply take the UCEED (Undergraduate Common Entrance Examination for Design) Entrance test and enroll in BDes. (Bachelor of Design) program with specialization in product/industrial design.
Investment: While a course from a regular college may cost you up to Rs. 150,000, a professional institute may charge up to Rs. 1,200,000.
Job Prospects: Industrial designers have many career opportunities waiting in various job profiles such as drafters, graphic designers, industrial engineers, software developers and so on.
Pay Scale: On average, industrial designers earn up to Rs. 400,000. However, multinational corporations also pay as high as Rs. 900,000 per annum.
Forensic science is one field that attracts many. Essentially about investigative methodology in criminal and legal procedures, forensic science delves into various areas like; chemistry, physics, biology, psychology and so on. The aim of forensic science is to protect public health, by enforcing criminal laws and regulations. It is a laboratory based profession but one filled with adventures and excitement. The good thing is it is not just about science but a little of this and that from every field. You can begin with BSc (Bachelor in Science) program with specialization in Forensic Science.
Investment: The average course fees for forensic science ranges between Rs. 30,000-200,000.
Job Prospects: There are various job profiles for forensic science graduates: crime scene investigator, forensic ballistics expert, forensic DNA analyst, forensic toxicologist, digital forensic expert, forensic accountant, forensic anthropologist, polygraph examiner, forensic pathologist, forensic psychologist and so on.
Pay Scale: On average, the initial salary of a forensic expert fall between Rs. 40,000-70,000. In government offices, the salary is according to the pay scale and grade.
Have love for the wide seas and oceans? Ever thought of a career in merchant navy? Merchant Navy officers are in charge of a commercial fleet divided into various ranks; Captain, Executive Officers, Chief Mate (Captain’s Assistant), Second Mate, Third Mate, Engineering Officers, Electrical Officers, Radio Officers, Steward Department, deck, engine room, catering, pursers and medical officers.
• For Merchant Navy Officer, you can take the IMU-CET (Indian Maritime University – Combined Entrance Test) and enroll in navigation and Marine engineering training programs.
• For Merchant Navy Deck Officer, join a pre-sea training navigation and engineering program from a renowned institution.
• For Merchant Engineer, enroll in a BE or BTech in Marine Engineering undergraduate program.
Investment: The course fee for government colleges may cost up to Rs. 250,000. Private institutions are costlier with fee structure going up to Rs. 500,000.
Job Prospects: As mentioned above, there are various ranks that a merchant navy graduate can apply for.
Pay Scale: The pay scale for merchant navy officers as per ranks and grade. While a Third Officer’s salary per month is around Rs. 50,000, the Captain’s pay can be Rs. 200,000 monthly.
If you are one who dreams of flying high in the blue skies then aviation is one career you should definitely consider. However, not everyone is suitable for becoming a pilot. The spectrum of aviation courses has now expanded to a great level which means there are many aviation courses available for you to choose from. The important thing for you to keep in mind is that whichever institute you are joining, it should be recognized by the DGCA (Directorate General of Civil Aviation), the aviation authority of India.
Career in aviation is highly dependent on the institution you have taken your education from. Following are your options for a career in aviation:
• Airport Management: Airport management deals with skills in airport functioning strategies, managing human resources, handling the cargo, financial management, marketing and safety & security management. You can enroll in BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration) program in Airport Management. You can also complete a Diploma course in Airport Management however, a diploma does not hold as much value as a degree so it’s always best to learn in a full-fledged training program.
• Commercial Pilot Training: The most glamorous of all aviation jobs, commercial pilot training is one that needs a lot of hard work and money. However, be assured you will be awarded graciously once you do the needful. For getting into any institute, the first step is to clear the Pilot Aptitude Test which is a 3 stage test consisting of written examination, interview and aptitude test. Once this test is cleared, a medical examination is conducted to determine if the candidate is physically appropriate for the job. Based on performance in all these rounds, the final list of deserving candidates is prepared for the CPL (Commercial Pilot License) training program.
• Ground Staff & Cabin Crew Training: This is the course that gets your prepared for various cabin crew and ground roles like air hostess, steward and frond end office operator. A diploma in ground staff & cabin crew training will suffice for this purpose. This course focuses on various areas such as communication skills, customer services, in-flight training, safety & first aid measures and food & beverage serving training. Diploma in Aviation Hospitality from a renowned institute is also a good option to enter this fields.
• Aeronautical Engineering: Are you the one all about designing aircrafts and not flying them? Then aeronautical engineering is your calling! A BE (Bachelor of Engineering) or BTech degree in Aeronautical Engineering will get you started. This course will teach you everything about designing and making a quality aircraft. You may have to necessarily clear a national and/or state level entrance test to get admitted into good institutes.
There are other courses as well that deal with aircraft maintenance, ticketing management and more.
Investment: On average, aviation course fess may range somewhere between Rs. 150,000 to Rs. 250,000.
Job Prospects: There are various job profiles waiting for aviation graduates in both air and ground staff like pilot & test pilot, aeronautical engineer, aerospace engineer, air traffic controller, flight mechanic, security and so on.
Pay Scale: Pay scale in aviation sector varies as per grade. An airline pilot can earn up to Rs. 300,000-800,000 while the other officers may earn less or more depending on experience.
National Defence Services
The NDA (National Defence Academy) entertains many candidates every year to join the Indian Air Force, Navy and Army. PCM science passed students are offered subjects like physics, chemistry, computer science and mathematics. The admission procedure is simple with just one NDA exam conducted in two parts every year.
Investment: Admission into the National Defence Academy may cost Rs. 10,000-50,000.
Job Prospects: NDS opens up many opportunities for youngsters who are willing to serve their motherland. You can join various defence armies: Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Coast Guard, Central Armed Police Forces, Assam Rifles and National Security Guard.
Pay Scale: The pay scale for various NDS grades range from Rs. 25,000-80,000 per month.
The most off beat career option in this list, ethical hacking certainly earned global recognition lately. With the rise of technology has also increased the threats to it. Ethical hackers make sure that a company’s security network is not prone to any threats or breaches by malicious black hat hackers.
You can enroll in Diploma and Certificate courses in ethical hacking after your high school. Although a degree does not matter much in this field, a formal training will always help you enhance your skills. With a Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) degree, you can easily get into this field.
Investment: Courses for ethical hacking may cost anywhere between Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 50,000.
Job Prospects: The various job profiles in ethical hacking are: Security Analyst, Ethical Hacker, Security Consultant, Information Security Manager, Penetration Tester and so on.
Pay Scale: An ethical hacker’s average initial salary is Rs. 150,000. With experience and skills, this figure can go up to Rs. 2,000,000.
Railway Apprentice Exam
By appearing for the All India Special Railway Apprentice Exam by UPSC, you can get enrolled for the training program in both mechanical and electrical engineering. This program also grooms up the candidates well to take up the highest positions in the Indian Railways.
Investment: Coaching for railway apprentice exams are available at fee structure of Rs. 5,000-35,000.
Job Prospects: Some key posts of Railway Recruitment are Assistant Driver, Train Operator, Assistant Loco Pilot, Apprentice Mechanic, Train Examiner, Health Inspector, Senior Technician, Ticket Checker and so on.
Pay Scale: The salary to railway officers are paid as per the pay scale decided by the authority.
Computer Applications & IT
If you harbor a love for computers, programming languages and coding but don’t want to get into engineering then a career in computer applications and IT can prove to be the ideal choice for you. This is a quite challenging job in the current technologically advanced time. What you need is clear understanding of computer fundamentals and programming languages.
There are many job profiles that might interest you: computer programmers, software developers, database administrator, and software consultant or system analyst. Simply enroll in a BCA (Bachelor of Computer Applications), BSc (Bachelor of Science) or BTech in Computer Science.
Investment: The average course fees of computer application course falls between Rs.10,000-500,000.
Job Prospects: Computer graduates have career scope in many environments such as academia, private and government sector, research and businesses.
Pay Scale: For a fresher, the average monthly salary is Rs. 8,000-25,000. With years of experience, this figure can rise up to Rs. 1,000,000 per annum.
Business Administration & Management
If the tactics of the business world fascinate you then business administration can be the one career option for you. What you need is communication skills, good observation, leadership quality and analytical ability. Many undergraduate courses are available for business management enthusiasts like BBM (Bachelor of Business Management), BBA (Bachelor of Business Administration) and BBS (Bachelor of Business Studies).
However, do not that undergraduate courses are not enough. In this particular field, post graduate degree holds more value so make sure that you study further to land a lucrative job.
Investment: Depending on course and college, the fees for Business Administration & Management may range from Rs. 100,000 to Rs. 350,000.
Job Prospects: There are various job profiles that are open to you with a degree in Business Administration & Management. Commercial loan officers, sales managers, human resource managers, public relations specialist and advertising executive are to name a few.
Pay Scale: The average salary for a Business Administration graduate is Rs. 300,000.
Physical science is a vast field that deals with a great range of inorganic materials concerning physics, chemistry and earth sciences. There are many a branches for you to choose from such as astronomy, geology, disaster management, meteorology, agricultural research, Indian Civil Services, cryptography and so on. The key to successful career in these fields is thorough and extensive research. Enroll in a 3 year long BSc Physical Science undergraduate career. This will expose you to the various options awaiting you.
Investment: The average expenditure for a course in Physical Science may go up to Rs. 250,000.
Job Prospects: The top job profiles in Physical Sciences are: Research Scientist, Clinical Research Scientist, Pharmacist and Quality Control Manager.
Pay Scale: The average salary for a physical science graduate is Rs. 75,000.
For 12th PCB (Physics, Chemistry, Biology) students, medical sciences are awaiting some great career opportunities. Contrary to the popular belief, MBBS is not the only option for those wanting to make a career in healthcare. Following are some of the best medical courses you can check out:
• MBBS: Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
• BAMS: Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery
• BHMS: Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery
• B.Pharm: Bachelor of Pharmacy
• B.Sc. Nursing
• BPT: Bachelor of Physiotherapy
• BOT: Bachelor of Occupational Therapy
• BUMS: Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery
• BDS: Bachelor of Dental Surgery
• BMLT: Bachelor of Medical Lab Technicians
• DMLT: Diploma of Medical Lab Technicians
• MD: Doctor of Medicine
• MS: Master of Surgery
• DM: Doctorate in Medicine
Candidates can take the NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) exam to get admission in top colleges however, many institutes also conduct their own entrance tests.
Investment: Based on the course and college, expenditure on medical education may fall between Rs. 50,000-600,000 per year.
Job Prospects: From surgeon to pharmacist and lab technicians, there are many job profiles in the vast field of medical sciences.
Pay Scale: The average salary of a medical science student is difficult to determine as it depends on the area and rank one is working on.
While most of you must be preparing for further studies and admissions after HSC, many students are also looking for job opportunities. Good news is there are many government jobs looking for candidates in various fields. We have enlisted some here:
• Forest Guards: The age bar to take the examination for forest guards is 18 to 32. The process is also long. First there is a physical efficiency test, then physical measurement test, written examination, a personal interview followed by a last medical test of the shortlisted candidates. The process is this long since forest guards are solely responsible for forest protection.
• BSNL Agents: BSNL, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, recruits Direct Selling Agents (DSAs) every year. This is good job profile for 12th pass students. The selection process consists of a written examination and personal interview.
• SSC Stenographer: A stenographer basically is one in charge of transcribing spoken words in government offices, press conferences, courts and so on. The primary skills needed for this job profile are excellent listening skills, efficient typing, good observation and memory. Conducted by the SSC (Staff Selection Commission), the selection process comprises of a written or computer based test followed by skill test and document verification.
• Office Clerks: The SSC also conducts clerk level examinations for 12th pass students in age group of 18 to 27. The positions are namely, LDC (Lower Division Clerks), UDC (Upper Division Clerks), DEO (Data Entry Operators) and Postal/Sorting Assistant. The examination for the same is conducted in two stages: written examination and skill test.
• Protective Services: The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) holds examinations for recruitment in: BSF (Border Security Force), Central Reserve Police Force, Sahastra Seema Bal, CISF (Central Industrial Security Force) and Indo-Tibetan Border Police Force.
Investment: Many coaching centers provide coaching for various government posts at different fee structures.
Pay Scale: The salary for government posts are decided by the authoritative figure as per the post.
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